Captain King Arthur Philip and the First Fleet brought Australia’s first grape vines from Brazil and planted them on the Royal Botanic Gardens in Sydney, Australia. Unfortunately, the site never flourished because of the heat and humidity.
The first Australian commercial vineyard and winery was established by John Macarthur at Camden Park in the West of Sydney. Principal varieties grown were Pinot Gris, Frontignac, Gouias, Verdelho and Cabernet Sauvignon.
|1822||136 Australian wine was shipped by Gregory Blaxhand in London and won a silver medal award. After five years, a larger shipment of Blaxland’s wine won a gold medal.|
|1850||Many commercial vineyards for wine production were established. The earliest Australian soils which are protected by the remoteness from damages of industrialization and diseases proved the fertility of the soil.|
Australia became a victim of Phylloxera, a pest of commercial grapevines resulting to deformation on roots and secondary fungal infectionsthat cuts the flow of nutrients and water to the vine. Through strict quarantine regulations, South Australia’s wine regions remain Phylloxera free.
During this years, the Hunter, Barossa and Yarra Valleys were already producing wines. The European immigration to Australia has brought out the wine industry in the country. In Victoria, Swiss settlers greatly influenced the wine industry and made them produce 75% of all Australian wines.
|1950's||Fortified wines became the primary focus of the Australian wine industry. The Rutherglen district in northern Victoria produced some of the greatest fortified wines of the country. Fortified wines became popular as the added alcohol gave the wine protection against microbiological attack, making wines very much suitable for long storage.|
|1960's||Approximately 80% of Australian wines were sweet fortified sherry and port styles, or the ‘Colonial Wine’. By the end of 1960’s Australian wines were shift to fuller-bodied red wines which was influenced by a large increase of immigration.|
|1970||Sales of fortified finally eclipsed and saw a trend to semi-sweet fruit driven styles. The end of this decade brought a presence for dry table wines and the Chardonnay boom, which continued to be the wine of preference and has been favored by white wine drinkers throughout the years.|
Australian wines became established in the traditional markets of Europe. The export boom created a greater demand for Australian red wines than the whites until today. The demand of Australian clean and fresh wines with fruit driven white styles and robust reds.
Australia has conquered the mainstream consumer market through showcasing world class wines that express the vast diversity of talented winemakers and their unique regional aspects. Australian wines were marked for their elegance and longevity and established a reputation for winemaking excellence that cannot be duplicated. With over 60 designated wine regions, Australia’s next generation of winemakers and viticulturists have the technical skills needed to hit the international market.
Tanglewood Vines provides world class and award-winning Australian red and white wines that is Available in Australia and the Philippines.